The Australian Dollar bounced higher overnight, with increasing risk appetite lifting some pockets of the market but missing others. Today’s CPI number undermined it, with the RBA’s rate path now the center of attention.
The Aussie, Kiwi, and other high beta currencies found support, as did some commodities going into the New York close. WTI crude oil has rallied over 6% so far this week. Wall Street softened slightly on Tuesday as focus returned to the possibility of a Fed rate hike at its next meeting in early May.
The apparent resolution of the banking crisis has allayed investors’ fears of further contagion for now. US regulators pilgrimaged to Capitol Hill to appear before the Senate yesterday, and they highlighted that the problem with SVB Financial was the basic mismanagement of the balance sheet.
Referred to as a duration mismatch or asset-liability mismatch, the bank used customers’ deposits to buy Treasuries with several years to maturity. This means that cash deposits (liabilities) of zero-day maturity are being hedged using long-dated bonds (assets).
The value of these bonds (assets) deteriorated significantly when their yields rose rapidly through 2022, and the obligation to depositors (liabilities) remained unchanged. The upside for sentiment is that, on the face of it, the problem at SVB is unique to that bank rather than a systemic problem.
In any case, AUD/USD consolidated near 67 cents on that news in the lead-up to today’s Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) monthly CPI figure.
They started this data series in September last year, and there are two such releases between the quarterly figures. These prints cover 62-73% of the weighted quarterly basket. The RBA’s mandated inflation target of 2-3% over the business cycle is marked against the quarterly CPI
Today’s figure came in at 6.8% year-on-year to the end of February against the 7.2% anticipated. The benign reading of price pressures sunk the Aussie. Unfortunately, this monthly number is yet to be a reliable indicator of where the full quarterly basket CPI will be.
The only comparison of the two data points is the year-on-year number to the end of 2023. Those prints saw a disparity of 0.6%.
The RBA appears likely to pause for the first time in its rate hike cycle since last May at their April monetary policy meeting. The interest rate market does not expect any more hikes and is pricing in a 25 basis point cut by the end of the year.
The official first-quarter CPI will be released near the end of April, and it will be closely watched for clues on the validity of where inflation lies ahead of the RBA’s next decision in May. US yields collapsed after the banking crisis but have steadied since. ACGBs followed the lead, and their yields sunk with the US notes.
The benchmark 10-year bonds have a yield differential near 25 basis points in favor of the greenback, while the 3-year part of the curve is around 95 basis points toward the ‘big dollar.’ The larger gap in the short end highlights the disparity between the RBA and the Fed.