The Japanese Yen has been hit from pillar to post to start the week, with the Bank of Japan (BoJ) believed to be actively selling USD/JPY, but there has not been any official confirmation at this stage.
For the record, the October Jibun Bank composite PMI was 51.7 against 51.0 previously, and the manufacturing PMI was 50.7, slightly below 50.8 the prior month. The services PMI came in at 53.0, above September’s 52.2
The backdrop to this price action is the continuing disparity in monetary policy between the BoJ and the Federal Reserve. An intervention of this nature is less likely to see long-term success when underlying fundamentals do not support it.
The BoJ has a policy rate of -0.10% and is maintaining yield curve control (YCC) by targeting a band of +/- 0.25% around zero for Japanese Government Bonds (JGBs) for 10 years.
Conversely, the Fed aims to tame white-hot inflation that is running at 40-year highs. While supply-side shocks contributed to the problem, the very loose policy maintained for longer than necessary also played a role.
The rhetoric from Fed speakers indicates that rates are climbing for the foreseeable future, although the language softened ever so slightly on Friday.
In any case, the futures market has priced in a 75-basis point lift at the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) November meeting next week and at least 50 bp at their December gathering.
The BoJ will meet later this week, and they are not anticipated to make any changes to the monetary policy stance. This divergence in interest rate direction makes the impact of intervention seem temporary.